1Kaveri, II M.A English Literature, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Tamil Nadu.
2Selvarani, II M.A English Literature, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Tamil Nadu.
3Sangetha, M.A., B.Ed., Nagalapuram, Tamil Nadu
The autobiography “I Am Malala” begins on October 9, 2012, as Malala Yousafzai, a teenaged girl, makes her way to school by bus. On to school, Malala thinks about how her hometown of Mingora, Pakistan has changed in the last decade, and how the Talibans continue to pose a threat to advocates of education and women’s rights. Suddenly, a man climbs onboard, raises a gun and shoots Malala in the head. The novel “flashes back” about Malala’s rebirth. In her work, Malala explains more about her culture. She is a Pashtun, an ethnic group situated mostly in Afghanistan and Pakistan. She lives in the Swat Valley, a beautiful part of Northwestern Pakistan. She is also a devout Muslim, and has been all her life. From a very early age, she was conscious of the restrictions being placed on women because of feminine gender. Hence, the article ponders over the male chauvinistic life incidents faced by her in the way of a champion of women.
Kerwords: Education, Talibans, Terrorism, Women Emancipation.
1V.Kavitha, II M.A English Literature, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Tamil Nadu
2Mr. M.Arul Darwin, Ph.D Scholar, Annamalai University, Chidambaram.
Women privileges and Women being had consistently been underestimated, pleasantly and securely concealed under the bed of male controlled society. Customary social orders in pre-frontier times had circles of intensity and impact for Women in intently weave associations that helped them keep up a voice. Woman's rights are a response; it is an attestation of being, rights and status. Writing has demonstrated a commendable apparatus in investigating the female condition. The quiet was broken by Women essayists in the mid-sixties in the landmass which correspondingly was the period of political autonomy of a significant number of African States. This paper estimates Women writing in Africa and shows how a simple example of Women’s attestation has raised the group of African Literature.
Keywords: Women's Rights, African Feminist Theory, African Literature.
1Parkavi, II M.A English Literature, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Tamil Nadu.
2S.Loganayagi, II M.A English Literature, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Tamil Nadu.
Sri Aurobindo was one of the most memorable spiritual leaders of India. He was in essence an intellectual, a poet, a philosopher, and above all a yogi. His activities as a writer can make it give the impression as though he led four or five different lives in a single lifetime. His creativity and muse came from his practice of yoga and ascension to superior states of mind and consciousness. He wrote extensively on Yoga and his poetic genius epitomized in his classic work Savitri. The poem The Blue Bird is a poem of symbolizing Aurobindo himself in deciphering the endless freedom in the sea of ordinary life. Hence, a decisive study is made in this paper to appreciate the value of the poem.
Keywords: Sri Aurobindo, Creativity, Spirituality, The Blue Bird.
U. Santhana Kumar, Assistant Professor of English, Department of English, MANO College, Sankaran Kovil.
Social Sustainability is the aptitude of a society to increase processes and structures which not only meet the requirements of the existing members but also sustain the future generations to preserve a hale and hearty community. In the words of Philip Sutton, sustainability is not about assimilation of ecological, social and economic issues, nor about improving the quality of life. It is mainly about maintaining something worthy in life and society. In literature, social sustainability is related to social and economic aspects of life. After independence, India developed into a democratic--industrialized nation but in spite of the progress achieved, there retains stern problems in the nation related to its social environment. The crises like unemployment, growing inflation, alcoholism, casteism, dowry system, nutritional lack among children, lack of safety for women workers at vocation place, lack of prime facilities at workplace, unhygienic workplace environment, corruption, officialdom, harassment and abuse from upper class. Hence, the paper identifies socially sustainable part connecting with the lives of the people.
Keywords: Contemporary Issues, Indian Society, Portrayal, Indian Literature.
1R.Saranya, II M.A English Literature, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Tamil Nadu.
2M.Pandiaraja, I M.A English Literature, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Tamil Nadu.
3B.Thangamarimuthu, Assistant Professor of English, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Tamil Nadu.
India has had a distinguished theatrical tradition for more than a thousand years yet no clear history of the theater is found. The absence of a national language also hindered the development of an identifiable native drama. Modern Indian theater owes its origins and development to the growth of urban centers in the 18th and the suceeding centuries. Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay evolved as theatrical centers, largely because of the British presence in these cities. Other modern Indian plays more closely resemble Western plays in style. These plays focus on families and on social and political events, including India's struggle for independence in the first half of the 20th century. Sometimes they are used to satirize the contemporary Indian setup. Power politics has been a recurrent theme in most of the historical dramas. “The Dreams of Tipu Sultan” has not had been an exemption. Hence, the paper brings out the theme of power politics in the play.
Keywords: Power Conflict, Girish Karnad, The Dreams of Tipu Sultan.
1S.Sathyabarathi, II M.A English Literature, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Thoothukudi District, Tamil Nadu.
2P.Kanimozhi, Assistant Professor of English, MSUC College, Nagalapuram, Thoothukudi District, Tamil Nadu.
Tipu is a representative of modernity and his modern outlook throws light on contemporarily. Tipu is above of the value of education. When Tipu is about to send a delegation to France for commercial and philosophical purpose his son wishes to join it. At that time, Tipu advises him that he should concentrate on his studies in order to get new and latest knowledge of the world and asks his son to concentrate on his studies instead going on France tour. Tipu is a far-sighted ruler and father who took his children in the important decision-making process. The Dreams of Tipu Sultan is relevant to contemporary India where internal dissensions in almost all national issues and the presence of terrorists are disturbing nation harmony and peace. Hence, the paper unfolds the sense of modernity employed by Karnad to portray Tipu.
Keywords: Tipu, Girish Karnad, The Dreams of Tipu Sultan.