A.Agalya, II M.A. English, Department of English, Sakthi College of Arts and Science for Women, Oddanchathram.
P. Sasikala, Assistant Professor Department of English, Sakthi College of Arts and Science for Women, Oddanchathram.
India has a variety of cultures which are more common in south India. India’s culture collectively refers to the thousands of unique and distinct cultures of all the religious and communities present in India. The language, religion, dance, music, architecture, food and customs of India vary from one place to another within the country. Indian culture has often described as a fusion of several cultures. Preeti Shenoy’s “A Hundred Little Flames” revolves around relationship between father and a son across two generations. Ayan unravels mysteries surroundings in the life of his grandfather Gopal Shanker. Ayan, the protangist of the novel, does not have any wish on his own. He feels like puppet in his father’s hand. Ayan left his job due to an unfortunate incident in his office party. His father sent him to village to take care of his grandfather. During his stay at Poongavanam, Ayan find out the sad truth about his grandfather’s past life Ayan determined to bring back his grandfather’s lost love. The novel “A Hundred Little Flames” explores the lives of the people who forget to look during after their parents in their old age. They were busy running for the material treasure leaving behind their soulful treasure. Author cleverly wheels out the plot and reveals how the society succumbs itself blindly with so called modernism leaving behind their traditional inheritance and humanistic values.
Kerwords: Culture, Relationship, Family, Friendship and Elder abuse.
Dnyaneshwar Kishanrao Chakradev, Research Scholar, PG Department of English Research Centre, SSBES’s Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya, Nanded.
Dr. L.V.Padmarani Rao, Research Guide, Professor of English, SSBES’s Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya, Nanded.
Tony Morrison’s fifth novel, “Beloved” (1987) portrays the Afro-American community’s struggle for survival and search for identity in the racist American society. The novel represents the horrific torture and trauma experienced by Sethe, her family and entire Afro-American community due to the institution of slavery and racism. In this paper, the writers applied Reader-Response approach to “Beloved” for studying the institution of slavery and racist tendencies which compelled the Afro-Americans to undergo series of socio-cultural atrocities in the United States of America. The aim of the paper is to study physical and psychological struggle for freedom and survival experienced by Sethe and her family which can be viewed as representative of Afro-American people’s historical and contemporary struggle for earning a proper livelihood and living a meaningful or wholesome life.
Keywords:Morrison, Beloved, Reader Response Approach, Slavery, Racism
C.Gowsalya, Ph.D Research Scholar, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai.
Dr.M.Muruganandam, Research Guide, Assistant Prosessor of English, Rajapalayam Raju’s College, Rajapalayam.
A language could be a means that of communication. What we tend to feel or what we all know, we’ve to share the equivalent to other people. So as to convey we all know or we tend to feel, we want a tool. That tool is language. There are several languages within the world. One among them is English. Language could be a system. Every language has its own structure, its very own system. The main objective of the teaching learning of a living language – like English – is to assist the students with becoming ready to utilize it to speak with others, by sending and receiving significant messages. Language is a vital tool of communication to precise one’s ideas, views and feelings. Basic communication skills are the four language skills namely, listening, speaking, reading and writing [LSRW] and advanced communication skills refer to language functions such as discussing, persuading, negotiating, sharing ideas, opinions and views, agreeing and/or disagreeing with others opinions. Communication is that the art of being understood. Communicating in a international world could be a difficult task! Communication is that the exchange of information or thoughts between at least two individuals. It is the act of expressing thoughts in a manner that others understand. This article reports on the impact of digital interactive materials to enhance advanced English communication skills of the learners. An action research project is carried out to train the tertiary level learners to enhance their ability to using the language in different situations. The result was satisfactory in enhancing not only the language skills of the learners but also their lateral thinking.
Keywords:Digital interactive materials, Communication skills, Lateral thinking.
A. Hema, Assistant Professor, Department of English, K.R. Arts and Science College, Kovilpatti, Tuticorin.
V.Balasingh, Senior Research Fellow, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee.
The term “Diaspora” has originated from the Greek word “diaspeirein” carried by the meaning of “disperse” or “scatter”. Though the term diaspora and its literature is initially associated with the Jews, the Tamil diaspora literature has also been acknowledged into the academia of the world literature and it is achieving its new paradigm in the twentieth and twenty first centuries. Exclusively, after the end of civil war in Sri Lanka in (2009) it has attracted the attention of the world. This present paper critically, endeavors to study the poem “The Mother and the Goddess of Night” (2013) (2015) by Aazhiyaal in the context of how the geographical change of landscape leads to the loss of identity.
Keywords:Aazhiyaal, Poems, Tamil Diaspora Literature, Loss of Identity.
Kalyan Pattanayak, Research Scholar, Department of English, Seacom Skills University, West Bengal, India.
Dr. Madhumita Ghosh, Research Guide, Department of English, Seacom Skills University, West Bengal, India.
Significantly occupied with arresting the outward progression of outpost diaspora from India in the nineteenth century, Amitav Ghosh's “Sea of Poppies” (2008) centers around one female indentured named Deeti, a widow of an elite class family from Ghazipur in Uttar Pradesh, who absconds with Kalua, the untouchable. Following the pages of Sir George Grierson's journal, Amitav Ghosh recuperates Deeti from history, less with the creative mind of a writer similarly as with the senses of an anthropologist. The novel handles the deficiency of Deeti's caste, its challenged status in the transient experience, and its last recovery as a theme-based topic. In spite of the fact that the customary caste chain of importance was essentially lost in the transitory interaction, the researcher contends, it kept on existing in surrogate structure and just stood by to be figured out as expected. This paper additionally contends that the old Indian diaspora's nostalgic quest for their familial roots in India is played in the novel with the recommendation that the hunt may uncover some awkward truth they might not want to know.
Keywords:Amitav Ghosh “Sea of Poppies”, Dislocation, Hegemony, Diaspora, Caste.
Dr.D.Maheswari, President, Pandian Educational Trust, Virudhunagar.
Mr.B.Thangamarimuthu, Assistant Professor of English, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University Constituent College, Nagalapuram.
Poet: Dr. G. Balabarathi, Guest Faculty of English, Department of Tourism and Management, Alagappa University, Karaikudi.
Translator: M. Vinoth Kumar, Head & Assistant Professor of English, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University Constituent Model College, Nagalapuram, Thoothukudi District.