Volume 5 Issue 1 January 2023 - LITERARY DRUID - LITERARY DRUID

Volume- 5, Issue- 1, January-2023

1. Ability Divide and Disability Guide: Exploring the Screen Space 

Dr. M. Anjum KhanAssistant Professor, Department of English, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore.


Attitudinal barriers can take the form of negative stereotypes about disabled people. These stereotypes can include assumptions that disabled people are dependent, helpless, or pitiable. These negative stereotypes can create barriers to the social inclusion of disabled individuals by influencing how others perceive and treat them. To address attitudinal barriers, it is important to challenge and change negative attitudes and stereotypes about disability. This can involve educating the public about disability, promoting understanding and empathy towards disabled people, and working to reduce discrimination and prejudice. It can also involve advocating for the rights of disabled people and working to create more inclusive policies and practices. The evolving theory of disability has come in contact with all disciplines. However, there is very little discourse on the concept of disability and the philosophy of film. The present essay, “Ability Divide and Disability Guide:  Exploring Screen Space” is an attempt to examine the relationship between disability and the philosophy of motion pictures with reference to Speechless. The objective of this article is to emphasize the inclusion of disability as a concept or a perspective in the motion picture. It is essential to study the realistic portrayal of disability on screen, and its prospective consequence on the audience who constitute the society.

Kerwords: Disability, Ability, TV Series, Inclusion, Normal.

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2. The Voice of An Unsound Mind: A Psychological Analysis
on Edgar Allen Poe’s The Tell-Tale Heart

Mr. P. Balamuthukumaran, Assistant Professor, Department of English, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University College, Govindaperi, Cheranmahadevi, Tirunelveli – 627414.


In Mathematics there are two types of numbers known as ‘real’ and ‘imaginary’. Both of them are addressed collectively as ‘Complex numbers’. Father of modern psychology Sigmund Freud applied this term to address the collection of human emotions, buried or unstructured memories and many more various personalities of a mind. In this case, this research article is about to focus on the craving voice of an unsound mind of an unnamed narrator from Edgar Allen Poe’s short story The Tell-Tale Heart. Humans have evolved so far from uncivilized to civilized ones. But the core emotions have never adapted to this so-called evolved society. Always some conflicts exist such as Man vs Man, Man vs Wild, and Man vs his psyche. It might take another million years to attain the perfect psyche like the holy angels and the son of god. One of the short stories of Edgar Allen Poe talks about the imperfect psyche of a person who assumes himself as a man of perfect sanity. For a weird reason, his ‘Id’ is driving him to perform a cold-blooded murder. This paper analyses the psychological elements behind the structure of that insane character based on ‘Psychodynamic theory’ which is very familiar from the Freudian school. It is a great wonder how Poe observed the force of ‘Id’, ‘Ego’ and ‘Super ego’ in this short story before Sigmund Freud published his works based on psychoanalysis.

Keywords: Psychodynamics, Psychoanalysis, Unconsciousness, Freud, Edger Allen Poe.

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3. Interpretation of Ecofeminism by Vandana Shiva and Maria Mies
in Toni Morrison’s A Mercy

Mercy Gnanabai, Research Scholar, Dr. M. G. R. Educational and Research Institute, Adayalampattu Phase II Campus, Chennai - 600095.

Dr. P. Harshini, Assistant Professor of English, Ethiraj College for Women, Department of English, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India - 600095.


The author discusses the research based on admiration and respecting nature, destruction of the environment, revenge on nature, issues of Black Women, and modern technologies. The Key Terms of my paper are love and care for nature, and Demolishing both women and nature. The aim and scope of my manuscript are the opinions and understandings of prominent eco-feminists like Vandana Shiva from India and Maria Mies from Germany, as well as their views, which are discussed in Morrison’s A Mercy.Shiva and Mies explained the exploitation and liberation of both women and ecology.

Keywords: Ecofeminism, Vandana Shiva, Maria Mies, Toni Morrison, A Mercy.

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4. An Indian Approach to Anna Freud’s Psychological Defense Mechanism through the Bollywood Film English Vinglish 

Dr. Preeti Patanjali, Assistant Professor, Guru TeghBahadur Institute of Technology, Delhi.


Psychodynamics, largely a part of psychological and psychoanalytic criticism, initially set its foot in the nineteenth century. In the 1920s, this psychological literary criticism developed as psychoanalytic criticism with the remarkable contribution of Sigmund Freud. Freud is often referred to as the father of psychoanalysis because of his indelible and path-breaking contribution to the field of psychoanalytic criticism. His significant theories, such as the personality theory of id, ego and superego, unconscious mind, Freudian slip, psychosexual development and the mechanisms of defense have unfolded mechanisms of the conscious and unconscious mind of an individual. Anna Freud, daughter of Sigmund Freud, added another brick to the psychoanalytic theories through her significant contribution to the arena of child psychology. Besides child psychoanalysis, she is also known for her theories on defense mechanisms in her well-known work, The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense (1936). In it, she has deliberated on denial, repression, displacement, sublimation, suppression, rationalization, projection, reaction formation and introjections as some of the defense mechanisms of the conscious and unconscious mind. The present research article would look at some of these defense mechanisms from an Indian standpoint by its application to a Bollywood film, English Vinglish (2012). It would also attempt to understand the positive and negative implications, if any, of the defense mechanisms on the respective individual, i.e., Shashi Godbole, the central character of the film.

Keywords: Defense Mechanism, Denial, Rationalization, Regression and Sublimation.

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5. Looking into the Soul: Self-Identity in the Select Novels of Joseph Conrad 

Dr. A. Velusamy, Assistant Professor of English, Government Arts College, Ariyalur – 621 713.

Dr. V. Latha, Assistant Professor of English, Government Arts College, Ariyalur – 621 713.


Conrad’s novels exhibit the idea of personal honour which is essential to man’s existence. In his novels, we see that a character defends himself through his actions. Conrad took recourse to the character of Marlow in order to voice his own feelings, whether skeptical or otherwise. Joseph Conrad’s stories of the sea, the jungle, and the social and political instability of mankind and the innermost workings of the human heart are commentaries on and reflections of his own life and varied experiences. Conrad’s early experiences set the pattern of his life and provided themes which often occurred in the books he later wrote. Like many of his heroes, he was lonely and sought independence. The emotional estrangement of man in an alien surrounding whether self-imposed or circumstantial recurs in Conrad’s novels.

Keywords: Joseph Conrad, Identity-Construction, Self-Conscious, Self-Identity, Voice.

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